Fermentation condition optimization of Bacillus velezensis TCS001 using response surface methodology
Received:April 27, 2019    Download the full
DOI:10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0066
Key Words:biological control  response surface method  Bacillus velezensis  fermentation conditions  antibacillus activity
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
YANG Ke Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Pesticide, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China  
SI Wen Zhejiang Qianjiang Biochemical Co., Ltd, Haining 314400, Zhejiang Province, China  
LIN Hai Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Pesticide, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China  
LIN Fangrui Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Pesticide, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China  
YUAN Jing Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Pesticide, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China  
CHEN Jie Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Pesticide, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China chenjie@zafu.edu.cn 
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Abstract:
      Bacillus velezensis (TCS001) is a new biocontrol bacterium. The fermentation condition optimization of TCS001 was conducted to improve its biocontrol effect. To obtain the best inhibitory rate of TCS001 fermentation filtrate against pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea, six media, including NB, BPY, YT, BP, LB, and SOB medium, were screened. The key factors of fermentation filtrate inhibition rate were investigated using Plackett-Burman (PB) design. Moreover, the central axises of these factors were determined using steepest-ascent method. Optimal fermentation conditions were determined by Box-Behnken design (BBD) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Besides, the inhibitory activity of the fermentation broth against B. cinerea was evaluated via artificial spray. The NB medium was found as the best initial fermentation medium for TCS001. And its optimal fermentation parameters were as follows:10.0 g of peptone, 12.5 g of glucose, 4.0 g of beef extract, 1.0 g of yeast extract, 1 000 mL of distilled water, loading volume of liquid 40%(V/V), inoculum amount 3%(V/V), 164 r/min of shaking speed at 25℃, initial pH 7.0, 16 h of strain age, and 36 h of fermentation incubation. The in vitro antibacterial activity test showed that the optimized fermentation broth had the strongest inhibition rate of 90.9%. The disease control experiment showed that the inhibition rate on the disease lesions of B. cinerea was 74.7%, which was 36.9% higher than that before the optimization. The results have provided a theoretical basis for the subsequent research on the separation and extraction of active products and structural identification of TCS001.
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