草地贪夜蛾对杀虫剂的抗性研究进展
投稿时间:2019-07-03      点此下载全文 HTML
引用本文:王芹芹,崔丽,王立,等.草地贪夜蛾对杀虫剂的抗性研究进展[J].农药学学报,2019,21(4):401-408.
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作者单位E-mail
王芹芹 中国农业科学院 植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100193  
崔丽 中国农业科学院 植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100193  
王立 中国农业科学院 植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100193  
梁沛 中国农业大学 昆虫学系, 北京 100193  
袁会珠 中国农业科学院 植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100193 hzhyuan@ippcaas.cn 
芮昌辉 中国农业科学院 植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100193 chrui@ippcaas.cn 
基金项目:中国农业科学院草地贪夜蛾联合攻关重大科技任务(Y2019YJ06);国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0200504)
中文摘要:草地贪夜蛾Spodoptera frugiperda(J. E. Smith)是一种杂食性害虫,原产于美洲热带和亚热带地区,于2019年1月在中国云南省首次被发现后,已迅速向广西、贵州、广东及湖南等地蔓延。草地贪夜蛾寄主广泛,常用化学防治药剂为有机磷类、氨基甲酸酯类和拟除虫菊酯类,田间抗性监测数据显示,其对上述 3 类常用药剂已达中至高等抗性水平。此外,已有研究证明氯菊酯抗性草地贪夜蛾对噁二嗪类杀虫剂茚虫威无交互抗性;同时已有关于草地贪夜蛾对氟苯虫酰胺和氯虫苯甲酰胺田间和室内抗性的报道,表明其对上述 2 种药剂存在极高的交互抗性风险。草地贪夜蛾的抗药性机理主要涉及表皮穿透性降低、解毒作用增强和靶标敏感性下降等几方面,其中代谢解毒作用增强和靶标敏感性下降是导致草地贪夜蛾对杀虫剂产生抗性的主要机制。文章综述了草地贪夜蛾对传统杀虫剂和新型作用机制杀虫剂的抗性现状及抗性机理等方面的研究进展,以期对当前中国的草地贪夜蛾田间防治及抗性研究和防控提供参考。
中文关键词:草地贪夜蛾  杀虫剂  抗药性  抗性机理  氯虫苯甲酰胺  氟苯虫酰胺  茚虫威
 
Research progress on insecticides resistance in fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda
Abstract:The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), a highly polyphagous insect originated from the tropical-subtropical regions of the American continent, can widely colonize different plant species. It was firstly discovered in Yunnan in January 2019 and rapidly spread to Guangxi, Guizhou, Guangdong and Hunan Provinces. The commonly used chemical agents for the control of fall armyworm included organophosphorus, carbamate and pyrethroid. The previous studies of field resistance showed that the resistance ratio of those agents mentioned above have reached moderate and high level in recent years. While field-resistant strains showed no cross-resistance to indoxacarb, an oxidiazine insecticide. In addition, field and laboratory resistance to flubendiamide and chlorantraniliprole have been reported. Meanwhile, the study showed there was high across resistance between these two active substances in fall armyworm. The resistance mechanism of fall armyworm mainly related to the decrease of epidermal penetration, the increase of detoxification and the target insensitivity. Among them, the increase of metabolic detoxification and the decrease of the target sensitivity were the main mechanisms of resistance to insecticides. In this review, the current knowledge in the area of field-evolved insecticides resistance and the mechanisms of the resistance to traditional and new insecticides, which will contribute to the scientific control of this insect pest and provide a valuable reference for future research.
Key words:Spodoptera frugiperda  synthetic insecticide  resistance  resistance mechanism  chlorantraniliprole  flubendiamide  indoxacarb
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