特基拉芽孢杆菌JN-369的分离鉴定及其抑菌物质分析
投稿时间:2018-08-03      点此下载全文 HTML
引用本文:周瑚,邹秋霞,胡玲,等.特基拉芽孢杆菌JN-369的分离鉴定及其抑菌物质分析[J].农药学学报,2019,21(1):52-58.
摘要点击次数: 104
全文下载次数: 49
作者单位E-mail
周瑚 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128
植物病虫害生物学与防控湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410128
南方粮油作物协同创新中心, 长沙 410128 
 
邹秋霞 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128
植物病虫害生物学与防控湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410128
南方粮油作物协同创新中心, 长沙 410128 
 
胡玲 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128  
朱华珺 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128
植物病虫害生物学与防控湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410128
南方粮油作物协同创新中心, 长沙 410128 
 
任佐华 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128
植物病虫害生物学与防控湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410128 
819482969@qq.com 
刘二明 湖南农业大学 植物保护学院, 长沙 410128
植物病虫害生物学与防控湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410128
南方粮油作物协同创新中心, 长沙 410128 
ermingliu@163.com 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0300700);中央财政专项(2014ZX0800102B);公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203014);湖南省“十二五”重点学科(0904)
中文摘要:为筛选可用于防治由稻瘟病菌所致水稻稻瘟病的生防菌株资源,采用稀释涂布平板法,从感病水稻品种湘早籼24号的健康植株茎叶中分离获得了1株拮抗细菌JN-369,结合形态学观察、生理生化鉴定及16S rDNA序列分析对其菌种进行了鉴定,采用平板对峙法研究了JN-369菌株的抑菌谱,并初步测定了JN-369中挥发性有机物(VOCs)、蛋白类粗提物及脂肽类粗提物对稻瘟病菌的抑制作用。结果表明:JN-369菌株为特基拉芽孢杆菌Bacillus tequilensis,其对稻瘟病菌具有显著抑制作用,对菌丝生长的抑制率达80.46% ±0.83%;同时该菌株对供试的辣椒胶孢炭疽菌、烟草赤星病菌及黄瓜疫病菌等植物病原真菌和卵菌均有抑制作用;但对供试病原细菌则均无抑制作用;1×108 cfu/mL 的 JN-369菌悬液产生的挥发性有机物对稻瘟病菌的抑制效果最强,抑制率达72.92% ±3.01%,1.454 mg/mL的蛋白类提取物和1.026 mg/mL 的脂肽类提取物对稻瘟病菌的抑制率分别为24.68% ±0.80%和14.34% ±1.08%。研究表明,菌株JN-369具有一定的开发应用潜力。
中文关键词:生防菌  稻瘟病菌  特基拉芽孢杆菌  JN-369  分离鉴定  抑菌活性  生物防治
 
Isolation and identification of Bacillus tequilensis JN-369 and antimicrobial substance analysis
Abstract:In order to screen the resources of biocontrol bacteria strains for the control of rice blast caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, a bacteria JN-369 was isolated from the healthy rice plants of the susceptible rice cultivar Xiangzaoxian 24 by dilution plate method. And its activity against mycelial growth of M. oryzae was tested by the plate confrontation method. The strain JN-369’s taxonomic status was identified based on morphological characteristics, physiological, biochemical characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The antifungal spectrum of strain JN-369 was determined by the dural culture method, the inhibitory effects of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), crude proteins and crude lipopeptides from strain JN-369 against M. oryzae were preliminarily determined. The results showed that the strain JN-369 was identified as Bacillus tequilensis, with the inhibition rate of 80.46% ±0.83% against M. oryzae. It also had obvious antifungal activity against the tested fungi, such as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Alternaria alternata, Phytophthora melonis, and the other plant pathogenic fungi and oomycetes, while it exhibited no inhibition effect on the tested pathogenic bacteria. The volatile organic compounds produced by 1×108 cfu/mL strain JN-369 had the strongest inhibition rate on M. oryzae with the inhibition rate of 72.92% ±3.01%. The inhibition rate of 1.454 mg/mL protein extract and 1.026 mg/mL lipopeptide extract against M. oryzae were only 24.68% ±0.80% and 14.34% ±1.08%, respectively. These results showed that the strain JN-369 had potential for development and application.
Key words:biocontrol bacteria  Magnaporthe oryzae  Bacillus tequilensis  JN-369  isolation and identification  antifungal activity  biological control
查看全文   查看/发表评论   下载PDF阅读器